A Short History of Indonesian Independence Day

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Kamis, 17 Agustus 2023 – 16:00 WIB

Jakarta – Indonesia became independent on August 17, 1945, after previously being under both Dutch and Japanese colonialism.The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence was read by Soekarno, accompanied by Mohammad Hatta, at Jalan Pegangsaan Timur 56, Central Jakarta. The defeat of Japan became one of the important events for Indonesia to be declared independent.

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On August 6, 1945, the city of Hiroshima, Japan, was devastated by the atomic bomb dropped by the United States. Three days later, an atomic bomb attack on Nagasaki City, Japan occurred. In just a short time, these two atomic bombs succeeded in killing hundreds of thousands of people in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. As a result, Japan, which had been badly defeated, and was forced to surrender, which also marked the end of World War II.

The Japanese tried to prevent news of their defeat from being heard by the Indonesian people, but to no avail. The young groups immediately urged Soekarno and Hatta to declare Indonesian independence. But Sukarno was reluctant, and chose to wait for an agreement from the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI).

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Not wanting to be further intimidated by the Japanese, a youth group decided to kidnap the two Indonesian national figures in the early hours of 16 August 1945 at Rengasdengklok, Karawang.

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The two of them continued to be pressed until finally, Soekarno and Hatta agreed to proclaim Indonesian independence no later than August 17, 1945.

Soekarno and Hatta were brought back to Jakarta, and to the home of Rear Admiral Tadasi Maeda, Chief of Navy and Army Liaison Officer for the Imperial Japanese Army. It was in this house that Soekarno, Hatta, and Achmad Soebardjo drafted the proclamation.

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After long negotiations, the text of the proclamation was finally completed and read in front of all the Indonesian people on August 17, 1945. On the same day, the Sang Saka Merah Putih flag was raised, which had been sewn by Soekarno’s wife, Fatmawati.

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